Olle Trail Ranger
Jeju Olle Information Center(Malmi Oreum Entrance)
Foreign Language Interpretation Services by Tourism Organizations
Resembling the head of a horse, another name for this oreum(small extinct volcano) is Doosan-bong(peak). Below it is a vast field of Seongsan-po. There is Seongsan Ilchul-bong(peak) in the front and U-do(island) on the left to it.
It is a volcanic island formed 100,000 years ago connected to the main island of Jeju as with sand and pebbles piled up. Three sides are cliffs, and 99 rock spires surround the crater on the top which looks like a huge castle. The name 'Seongsan' is after bib castle and 'Ilchul-bong(peak)' is after the sunrise watching on the peak.
As its name suggests, the Oreum looks like a bird’s egg. It is also called ‘Malsanmae’. You can get a panoramic view of the field of Seongsan-po, Seongsan Ilchul-bong(peak)), U-do(island), Halla-san(mountain), and the oreums of east Jeju, including Darangshe Oreum.
Because the mudflat for the salt field was scarce in Jeju even though the ocean surrounds the island, salt was scarce in the island. Therefore, Jongdal-ri people boiled seawater in an iron pot to collect the salt. They did so the middle of the Joseon Dynasty to the 1990s. Today, a thick silver grass field has formed on the exact site, adding odd appeal to the trail.
This pogu(port) is where the horses grazed in Jeju were sent away to the mainland in the Joseon Dynasty. Below Seongsan Ilchul-bong(peak) are the disheartening 23 cave fortifications of the Japanese near the end of World War II.